hr0NATO Building Integrity Programme

The Building Integrity (BI) Programme provides practical tools to help participating countries strengthen integrity, transparency and accountability and reduce the risk of corruption in the defence and security sectors. The programme promotes good practice, processes and methodologies, and provides countries with tailored support to make defence and security institutions more effective.

BI1NATO BI Programme Website

This is the web portal of NATO Building Integrity Programme. This programme provides practical tools to help participating countries strengthen integrity, transparency and accountability and reduce the risk of corruption in the defence and security sector. The programme promotes good practice, processes and methodologies, and provides countries with tailored support to make defence and security institutions more effective.

The BI Programme is tailored to meet national needs and requirements. It is demand-driven and participation is on a voluntary basis. The programme is open to all NATO Allies and partners (members of the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council, the Mediterranean Dialogue,Istanbul Cooperation Initiative and partners across the globe). Requests from other countries are reviewed by NATO on a case-by-case basis.

BI2CIDS resources section

Centre for Integrity in the Defence Sector is a great resource for Building Integrity in Defence topics. Based in Norway, this organisation specialises in a variety of knowledge products from courses to publications, which can be found on their website. The CIDS website resource section can be of special value to those seeking a quick overview of key knowledge sources on this subject.

BI3United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)

UNODC is a global leader in the fight against illicit drugs and international crime. Established in 1997 through a merger between the United Nations Drug Control Programme and the Centre for International Crime Prevention, UNODC operates in all regions of the world through an extensive network of field offices. UNODC mainly provides:

  • Field-based technical cooperation projects to enhance the capacity of Member States to counteract illicit drugs, crime and terrorism
  • Research and analytical work to increase knowledge and understanding of drugs and crime issues and expand the evidence base for policy and operational decisions
  • Normative work to assist States in the ratification and implementation of the relevant international treaties, the development of domestic legislation on drugs, crime and terrorism, and the provision of secretariat and substantive services to the treaty-based and governing bodies.


BI4UN ‘The Fight against Corruption’ learning tool

This e-learning tool is a joint product of the UN Global Compact and the UN Office on Drugs and Crime. The tool uses six interactive learning modules to further the audience’s understanding of the UN Global Compact’s 10th principle against corruption and the UN Convention against Corruption as it applies to the private sector. The tool is targeted at everyone who acts on behalf of a company. Each module only lasts about five minutes, providing a quick and effective way of learning.


BI5UNODC TRACK ‘Tools and Resources for Anti-Corruption Knowledge’

This is a web-based anti-corruption portal developed by the UNODC. This tool includes a legal library, online courses, a search engine specialised in anti-corruption literature, and other resources. The Legal Library on the United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) provides a gateway to an electronic database of legislation and jurisprudence relevant to UNCAC from over 175 States systematized in accordance with the requirements of the Convention. The TRACK portal brings together legal and non-legal knowledge on anti-corruption and asset recovery enabling Member States, the anti-corruption community and the general public to access this information in a central location. An anti-corruption learning platform is also incorporated, providing a common space where analytical tools generated by partner organizations can be searched and accessed by users world-wide.


The SHERLOC knowledge management portal is a tool designed to facilitate the dissemination of information regarding the implementation of the UN Convention against Transnational Organised Crime and its protocols. In this portal, national examples of anti-corruption laws can be found, as well as tools for enhancing international cooperation in the fight against corruption and organised crime, along with other useful resources. The portal hosts a case law database, a database of legislation, a bibliographic database, and a directory of national competent authorities. The case law database contains jurisprudence on corruption, counterfeiting, cybercrime, drug offences, money laundering, obstruction of justice, participation in an organized criminal group, piracy, smuggling of migrants, trafficking in firearms, trafficking in cultural property, wildlife and forest crime, trafficking in persons and other crimes. The database of legislation is an electronic repository of laws relevant to the provisions of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (UNTOC). The bibliographic database is an annotated bibliography containing a synopsis of key articles that are searchable by countries, research methods and keywords. The directory contains the contact information of competent national authorities authorized to receive, respond to and process requests of assistance for matters related to organised crime.

BI7UNODC Stolen Asset Recovery Initiative (StAR

The Stolen Asset Recovery Initiative (StAR) is a partnership between the World Bank Group and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime that supports international efforts to end safe havens for corrupt funds. StAR works with developing countries and financial centres to prevent the laundering of the proceeds of corruption and to facilitate a more systematic and timely return of stolen assets.

StAR works with and helps bring together governments, regulatory authorities, donor agencies, financial institutions, and civil society organizations, fostering collective responsibility and action for deterrence, detection and recovery of stolen assets.

bi8Transparency International UK Defence and Security

This programme aims to raise awareness of corruption in the defence sector and provide practical tools to reduce corruption risks. TI cooperates with governments and international organisations to enhance transparency in defence institutions; it also works with defence companies to raise industry standards in international defence contracting and develops centres and international networks of defence anti-corruption expertise.

bi9Transparency International Anti-Corruption Glossary

TI’s Anti- Corruption Glossary is an excellent digital resource. The glossary is a collection of concepts related to the topic of corruption defined and presented in a brief, clear and user-friendly manner. Thanks to its neat communication technique TI’s Anti-Corruption Glossary can be an attractive and useful tool for a very wide audience.

bi10TI Defence Integrity Pacts

Integrity Pacts are a tool for preventing corruption in public contracting. They are essentially an agreement between the government agency offering a contract and the companies bidding for it that they will abstain from bribery, collusion and other corrupt practices for the extent of the contract. To ensure accountability, Integrity Pacts also include a monitoring system typically led by civil society groups.

bi11Transparency and Accountability Initiative

The Transparency and Accountability Initiative (T/A Initiative) is a donor collaborative working to expand the impact and scale of transparency, accountability and participation interventions.

bi12CleanGovBiz Toolkit

The Toolkit offers practical guidance on how corruption can best be tackled in multiple domains. This toolkit draws together relevant instruments to support the establishment of healthy systems of governance, prevent corrupt practices, detect corruption, prosecute delinquencies and remedy the consequences of corruption.

For each policy area contributing to the fight against corruption, users are provided with:

  • Priority checklists
  • Implementation guidance with examples of good practices
  • Access to existing relevant standards and instruments, guides and manuals, case studies and reviews elaborated by international and civil society organisations


bi13UN Instrument for Standardized International Reporting of Military Expenditures

The purpose of the UN Standardized Reporting Instrument for Military Expenditures is to contribute to a broad effort to develop a set of specific measures for the purpose of facilitating the reduction of military expenditures. This tool also enhances transparency in military matters which is an essential element for building a climate of trust and confidence between States worldwide. The UN Standardized Reporting Instrument for Military Expenditures has also played an important role in acting as a model for similar reporting instruments, such as the one used by the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE).

bi14SIPRI Military Expenditure Database

SIPRI data bases can be used for a variety of purposes. Most of all they contribute to transparency and accountability in defence spending and can prove to be of great value in the planning and budgeting phases. They also provide a historical record that serves as a reference for analysing what works and what doesn’t in defence spending.

bi15European Defence Agency Procurement Gateway

This is a tool that allows open and competitive bidding in defence procurement. The Gateway is held by the European Defence Agency. This tool contributes to the integrity of the decision making process in procurement by making it more transparent.

The tool enables Ministries of Defence in the subscribing Member States to publicise transparently their defence contract opportunities on a single European defence business portal; provides European defence-related companies an equal window of opportunity for accessing defence contract opportunities; encourages transparency and strengthens competition, laying the foundation for the development of the European Defence Equipment Market (EDEM).

bi16European Partners against Corruption (EPAC)

The European Partners against Corruption (EPAC) is an independent, informal network bringing together more than 60 anti-corruption authorities and police oversight bodies from Council of Europe Member Countries. EPAC offers a medium for practitioners to share experiences, identify opportunities, and cooperate across national borders in developing common strategies and high professional standards.

bi17NATO Support and Procurement Agency

The NATO Support and Procurement Agency (NSPA) is a customer-funded agency, operating on a “no profit – no loss” basis. The NSPA is the executive body of the NATO Support and Procurement Organisation (NSPO), of which all 28 NATO nations are members. The NSPA brings together in a single organisation NATO’s logistics and procurement support activities, providing integrated multinational support solutions for its stakeholders. NSPA provides support to NATO by leveraging capabilities for new customers and geographic areas, and developing new capabilities in the areas of:

  • Support to Operations and Exercises,
  • Systems Procurement and Life-Cycle Management,
  • Fuel Management,
  • Strategic Transport and Storage,
  • Logistics Services and Project Management.


bi18World Economic Forum Partnering Against Corruption Initiative Principles for Countering Bribery

Partnering Against Corruption Initiative (PACI) is one of the Forum’s strongest cross-industry collaborative efforts and is creating a highly visible, agenda-setting platform by working with business leaders, international organizations and governments to address corruption, transparency and emerging-market risks. Driven by identified needs and interests of PACI Member companies, PACI undertakes initiatives to address industry, regional, country or global issues in anti-corruption and compliance.

bi19U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre

U4 offers relevant anti-corruption material, including applied research (featured under Themes), through an extensive web-based resource centre. U4 also runs in-country workshops and online courses on anti-corruption measures and strategies for partner agencies and their counterparts.

bi48 The Open Government Partnership (OGP)

The Open Government Partnership is a multilateral initiative that aims to secure concrete commitments from governments to promote transparency, empower citizens, fight corruption, and harness new technologies to strengthen governance.


bi47 Financial Action Task Force (FATF)

The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) is an inter-governmental body established in 1989 by the Ministers of its Member jurisdictions.  The objectives of the FATF are to set standards and promote effective implementation of legal, regulatory and operational measures for combating money laundering, terrorist financing and other related threats to the integrity of the international financial system.  The FATF is therefore a “policy-making body” which works to generate the necessary political will to bring about national legislative and regulatory reforms in these areas.


bi44 Group of States Against Corruption (GRECO)

The Group of States against Corruption (GRECO) was established in 1999 by the Council of Europe to monitor States’ compliance with the organisation’s anti-corruption standards. GRECO’s objective is to improve the capacity of its members to fight corruption by monitoring their compliance with Council of Europe anti-corruption standards through a dynamic process of mutual evaluation and peer pressure. The group helps to identify deficiencies in national anti-corruption policies, prompting the necessary legislative, institutional and practical reforms. GRECO also provides a platform for sharing best practices in the prevention and detection of corruption.


bi40 Mutual Legal Assistance Request Writer Tool

The Mutual Legal Assistance Request Writer Tool (MLA Tool) has been developed by UNODC to assist States to draft requests with a view to facilitate and strengthen international cooperation.

The MLA tool:

  • Requires virtually no prior knowledge or experience with drafting mutual legal assistance requests
  • Helps to avoid incomplete requests for mutual legal assistance and therefore minimizes the risk of delay or refusal.
  • Is easily adjustable to any country’s substantive and procedural law
  • Enables the user to retrieve key information on treaties and national legislation
  • Features an integrated case-management tracking system for incoming and outgoing requests


bi20Canadian Council for Public-Private Partnerships, PPP project tracker

Canadian PPP Project Database is a tool developed by the Canadian Council for Public-Private Partnerships. This tool allows keeping track of current and past projects, their progress and status. Projects are organised by sector and geographical area. The database is an overview of the projects undertaken by Canada within the framework of public-private partnerships and contributes to transparency and facilitates public oversight.

Other tracking tools:


bi21P3 Bulletin  Project Tracker


bi22Infra PPP Project Tracker



Photo credit: © Karina Priajina